Facts about Skin Cancer

By Mindy Longhurst

Skin cancer affects millions of adults throughout the world. Most skin cancers are a result from extended exposure to UV rays.

Higher risk of skin cancer

Some people have a higher risk of getting cancer. People with fair skin, red or blond hair and blue or green eyes are more susceptible to skin cancer.

Types of skin cancer

There are three types of skin cancer. These include Basal cell carcinoma, Squamous cell carcinoma and Melanoma. Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer.

Mole types

A mole is a skin growth on the body. There are two different types of moles. If there is a new mole growth on the body be sure to let your doctor know.

Common Mole: The common mole is a skin growth that has a distinct border and is round in shape. Common moles for the most part are harmless.

Dysplastic nevus or Atypical Mole: When doctors are checking to see if a mole is atypical or not, they follow the phrase ABCDE.

Asymmetry- Most atypical moles are asymmetrical.

Border- In atypical moles there is less of a border than common moles. The mole border blends into the surrounding skin.

Color- The color is usually irregular, with different shades of color.

Diameter- Usually atypical moles are a little bit bigger than the common mole. The average atypical mole is about ¼ of an inch.

Evolution- If a current mole is increasing in size, the mole is most likely an atypical mole.

What to do if there is a sunburn

If a sunburn does occur, make sure to see how badly the skin is damaged. If the sunburn begins to have large blisters call your doctor to see what advice they have for what action needs to take place. But, for most normal sunburns aloe vera helps the skin to heal. Doctors also recommend rest, ibuprofen and drinking plenty of water. Doing all these things will help the skin to heal faster from the damage of the sun.

What skin cancer looks like

Skin cancer looks like red, patchy skin, a dome shaped growth, a mole that looks different from other moles, a dark colored streak under the nail, or a sore that is not healing or comes back after it is healed.


For more information about skin cancer, please visit https://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/atypical-moles/warning-signs-and-images , https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/skin-cancer/how-can-i-tell-if-i-have-skin-cancer  and https://www.cancer.gov/types/skin/moles-fact-sheet

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